There are many types of sweeteners, which can be divided into: natural sweeteners and synthetic sweeteners according to their sources; nutritive sweeteners and non-nutritive sweeteners according to their nutritional value; The structure and properties are divided into sugar and non-sugar sweeteners.
Although sugars such as glucose, fructose, sucrose, maltose, starch sugar and lactose are natural sweeteners, they are widely used as food and are important nutrients. They are generally regarded as food raw materials and are not used as food additives in China.
Non-saccharide sweeteners include natural sweeteners and synthetic sweeteners. Natural sweeteners include stevioside, licorice, disodium glycyrrhizinate, tripotassium glycyrrhizinate and trisodium. Synthetic sweeteners include saccharin, sodium saccharin, sodium cyclamate, aspartame, and alitame.